natural wonders

Romania is a land blessed with natural wonders that captivate the imagination and stir the soul. From the primeval beauty of the Carpathian Mountains, with their dense forests and majestic peaks, to the serene expanses of the Danube Delta, teeming with wildlife and unique ecosystems.

The country's landscapes are dotted with enchanting caves like the Scarisoara Ice Cave, home to one of the largest underground glaciers, and the dramatic gorges of the Bicaz Canyon, offering breathtaking views and challenging trails.

Romania's natural wonders provide a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and a window into the untouched beauty of the natural world, making it a destination of unparalleled beauty and adventure.

Retezat National Park

Amazing sunset landscape, camping place near alpine Bucura lake. Pink rhododendron mountain flowers and colorful sky with glacier lake, Retezat mountains, Carparhians, Transylvania, Romania, Europe

Retezat National Park, nestled in the heart of Romania's Carpathian Mountains, is a pristine sanctuary of unspoiled nature and breathtaking beauty.

Known as the "land of blue eyes," it boasts over 80 glacial lakes that sparkle like gems among rugged peaks and lush, ancient forests.

The park is a hiker's paradise, offering trails that wind through scenic landscapes, revealing panoramic views and wildflower meadows. Home to one of Europe's last remaining intact old-growth forests, it provides sanctuary to a rich variety of wildlife, including bears, wolves, and chamois.

Retezat is not just a natural wonder but a haven for adventurers and nature lovers, offering a profound connection to the wild and untamed spirit of the natural world.

bucura lake

Panoramic summer landscape, horse herd in pasture near Bucura alpine lake. Mare and foal grazing near pupular touristic pond, Retezat mountains, Carpathians, Transylvania, Romania, Europe

Bucura Lake, nestled in the majestic Retezat National Park, stands as the largest glacial lake in Romania, offering a tranquil and picturesque setting amidst the rugged beauty of the Carpathian Mountains.

Surrounded by towering peaks and lush alpine meadows, the lake's crystal-clear waters reflect the sky and mountains, creating a serene and almost mystical atmosphere.

It is a favored spot for hikers and nature enthusiasts who trek through the park's diverse landscapes to reach this natural gem.

The area around Bucura Lake is a perfect spot for camping, providing visitors with a peaceful retreat in the heart of nature and an ideal base for exploring the surrounding wilderness.

Scărișoara Ice Cave

Scarisoara Ice Cave, a hidden marvel nestled in Romania's Apuseni Mountains, houses one of Europe's largest underground glaciers, a frozen wonder that has persisted for thousands of years.

Venturing into the cave, visitors are greeted by an awe-inspiring sight: a vast expanse of ice that forms the heart of this natural underground palace.

The cave's entrance opens into a grand ice hall, where the temperature remains around freezing year-round, preserving the glacier and its intricate formations.

Scarisoara ice cave entrance, Apuseni mountains, Romania.

An interesting fact about Scarisoara Ice Cave is that scientific studies of the ice have provided valuable climate data, revealing insights into Europe's past climate conditions over the last millennium.

The glacier, estimated to be over 3,500 years old, acts as a time capsule, making the cave not only a spectacular natural attraction but also an important site for scientific research.


Exploring the Scarisoara Ice Cave offers an unforgettable journey into a world where time seems to stand still, surrounded by the beauty and mystery of ice that has been sculpted over millennia.

It's a testament to nature's artistry and the intriguing secrets that lie beneath the earth's surface.

Underground glacier in Scarisoara cave, Apuseni mountains, Romania

The Bear Cave

Bear Cave, or Peștera Urșilor, located in the Apuseni Mountains of Romania, is an awe-inspiring natural wonder that captivates visitors with its underground landscape rich in stalactites, stalagmites, and the fossilized remains of ancient cave bears.

Discovered accidentally in 1975, this cave has become a fascinating site for both scientists and tourists. The cave's name derives from the numerous skeletons of the cave bear species (Ursus spelaeus) found within its chambers, animals that roamed the area approximately 15,000 years ago.

The bear cave pestera ursilor at chiscau in romania

An interesting fact about Bear Cave is that it contains three main galleries and several chambers adorned with calcite formations of extraordinary shapes and sizes, each telling a story of millennia of geological processes.

The "Candles Gallery," with its formations resembling candles, and the "Bears' Gallery," where the bear remains were discovered, are among the highlights.

The cave is also renowned for its remarkably preserved flowstones and columns, creating an otherworldly atmosphere that transports visitors to a time long past.


Bicaz Canyon

Bicaz Canyon, slicing through the Eastern Carpathians in Romania, offers one of the most dramatic landscapes in the country.

This spectacular gorge, formed by the waters of the Bicaz River, features towering limestone cliffs that rise steeply on both sides, creating a narrow path that winds its way through the heart of the mountains.

The canyon is a paradise for adventurers, with its rugged terrain providing ideal conditions for hiking, rock climbing, and photography.

An interesting fact about Bicaz Canyon is that it's part of the larger Cheile Bicazului-Hășmaș National Park, which preserves a diverse range of flora and fauna, some of which are endemic to the area.

The road that cuts through the canyon, linking Transylvania and Moldova, is a marvel in itself, offering breathtaking views and a thrilling drive through tunnels and past sheer drops.

Saint Ana Lake

Saint Ana Lake, located in the Eastern Carpathians, is the only crater lake in Romania and one of the few crater lakes in Europe.

Formed in a volcanic crater, this mesmerizing turquoise lake is surrounded by lush forests and is a popular destination for hiking, picnicking, and nature enthusiasts.

Its tranquil waters and scenic surroundings make it a must-visit natural wonder in Romania, offering visitors a peaceful retreat amidst stunning geological formations.

Saint Ana Lake in Romania - House on a lake with reflation into forest

Saint Ana Lake is named after Saint Anne, who is traditionally considered to be the mother of the Virgin Mary and the grandmother of Jesus Christ in Christian theology.

The lake is situated in the Eastern Carpathians, within the volcanic crater of the Ciomatu Mare volcano, and it is believed that its name derives from a nearby Christian hermitage dedicated to Saint Anne.

The hermitage is said to have been established by monks or hermits who sought solitude and spiritual contemplation in the serene surroundings of the lake and its surrounding forests.

Over time, the lake came to be associated with the name of Saint Anne, and the hermitage likely contributed to the naming of the lake in her honor.

tourists on the shore of Lake Saint Ana in Romania 31.May.2021 It is the only volcanic lake in the country

The Red Lake

The Red Lake (Lacul Roșu) in Romania is a stunning natural barrier lake located in the Eastern Carpathians, near the Bicaz Gorge.

It gets its name from the reddish color of the submerged tree trunks visible beneath its crystal-clear waters. The lake was formed in 1837 after a massive rock slide blocked the Bicaz River, creating a natural dam.

As the water level rose, it submerged the surrounding forests, including trees with high iron content in their wood.

Majestic summer view of mountain lake Lacul Rosu or Red Lake or Killer Lake. Rotten tree trunks. Logs coming out of the water. Harghita County, Eastern Carpathians, Romania, Europe

Over time, the iron oxidized, giving the water a reddish tint and lending the lake its distinctive name.

Today, the Red Lake is a popular tourist destination, offering opportunities for fishing, boating, and hiking along its picturesque shores.

Interestingly, local legends suggest that the lake's distinctive red color is the result of a curse placed by a shepherd whose daughter drowned in its waters, giving it a mysterious allure that adds to its appeal.


Bigar Waterfall

Bigar Waterfall, located in the Anina Mountains on the edge of the Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park in southwestern Romania, is celebrated as one of the world's most beautiful waterfalls for its enchanting appearance.

This natural wonder is distinguished by the way water cascades over a rounded moss-covered cliff, spreading out like a delicate veil before merging with the Minis River.

The waterfall's unique feature is its mushroom-shaped rock, over which the water spreads evenly, creating a mesmerizing, fairytale-like effect that has captured the imagination of visitors from around the globe.

Bigar waterfall in Romania - one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the country.

An interesting fact about Bigar Waterfall is that it is often described as being located at the 45th parallel north, marking the halfway point between the Equator and the North Pole, which adds to its allure and mystique.

The purity of the water and the lush, verdant environment surrounding the waterfall contribute to its breathtaking beauty and have made it a symbol of the pristine natural landscapes Romania offers.

Sfinx and babele

Bucegi Natural Park

The Sfinx and Babele are iconic natural rock formations located in the Bucegi Mountains of Romania, sculpted by the forces of wind and weather over thousands of years.

The Sfinx, named for its resemblance to the Great Sphinx of Giza, is a mesmerizing sight, particularly at sunset when shadows play across its features, enhancing its enigmatic appearance.

Standing at an altitude of over 2,200 meters, this formation looks strikingly like a human face from certain angles, sparking intrigue and various local legends about its origin.

Babele, meaning "The Old Women" in Romanian, consists of several mushroom-shaped stone formations, which are believed to have been created by the same erosive processes that shaped the Sfinx.

These formations are the result of the wind's relentless sculpting power, creating shapes that fuel the imagination and have been the subject of many myths and folklore.

The Mud Volcanoes

An outdoor laboratory that sheds light on the dynamic processes shaping our planet

The Mud Volcanoes, known as Vulcanii Noroioși in Romanian, are a fascinating geological and natural phenomenon located in Buzău County, Romania.

This unique landscape is characterized by small cones of mud that resemble miniature volcanoes. As gas from deep within the earth's surface escapes, it pushes water and clay upward, causing the mud to bubble and erupt in a manner similar to that of a lava volcano, albeit at a cooler temperature.

An interesting fact about the Mud Volcanoes is that this area represents one of the few places in the world where such a phenomenon can be observed, making it a rare and intriguing destination for geologists, photographers, and curious travelers alike.

The site offers a moon-like terrain, vastly different from the lush greenery typically found in Romania, providing visitors with a surreal experience as they walk among the mud formations.

Another notable aspect is the ongoing scientific study of these formations, as they offer insights into the Earth's geothermal activities and the presence of hydrocarbons in the subsoil.

danube delta

Where life has remained relatively unchanged for centuries

The Danube Delta, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is one of Europe's most diverse natural paradises, located in eastern Romania where the Danube River meets the Black Sea.

It is the continent's second-largest and best-preserved delta, offering an intricate network of waterways, marshes, and lakes that spread over 5,800 square kilometers.

This vast wetland is a sanctuary for wildlife, hosting over 300 species of birds, including the rare pelican and the Dalmatian pelican, making it a bird watcher's paradise.

An interesting fact about the Danube Delta is that it is a young landform, continuously shaped by the sediment deposited by the Danube River, which makes the delta grow approximately 40 meters into the Black Sea each year.

Its rich biodiversity is not limited to birds; the delta also supports over 160 species of fish, including sturgeon, from which caviar is harvested.

Timisu de Jos/Romania - August 14 2019: Seven Stairs Canyon (in Romanian Canionul Șapte Scări) is a gorge in the western part of Piatra Mare, Brasov County, Romania.

Canionul Șapte Scări

Another notable natural wonder in Romania is the "Seven Ladders Canyon" (Canionul Șapte Scări) located in the Piatra Mare Mountains, near the city of Brașov.

The "Seven Ladders Canyon" (Canionul Șapte Scări) is named after the series of seven wooden ladders that are installed along the route to help hikers ascend through the narrow gorge.

This breathtaking canyon is renowned for its series of seven wooden ladders that allow visitors to ascend through its narrow gorge, passing by waterfalls and cascades along the way.

The Seven Ladders Canyon offers a thrilling adventure for hikers and nature enthusiasts, providing opportunities to explore the stunning rock formations, lush vegetation, and crystal-clear streams that characterize the area.

The canyon is surrounded by dense forests and offers panoramic views of the surrounding mountains, making it a popular destination for outdoor activities and photography.

In addition to its natural beauty, the Seven Ladders Canyon is also steeped in legend and folklore, with stories of mythical creatures and ancient spirits inhabiting the gorge.

This adds to the allure of the canyon and makes it a fascinating destination for visitors seeking both natural wonders and cultural experiences in Romania.

Romania's natural splendors, from the enigmatic depths of Salina Turda to the soaring peaks of the Transfăgărășan, paint a vivid portrait of a land where nature's artistry knows no bounds.