Unique wildlife and conservation projects

Delve into the wild heart of Romania, where majestic creatures roam and conservationists work tirelessly to safeguard the natural splendor. This page is your gateway to discovering Romania's diverse ecosystems and the innovative conservation initiatives that aim to preserve them for future generations.
Romania's unique wildlife is a fascinating tapestry of species ranging from large carnivores to rare birds and fish. Notably, the country hosts one of the largest populations of brown bears in Europe, with an estimated 6,000 individuals residing mostly in the Carpathian Mountains. The Carpathians are also home to the shy and elusive lynx, and the reintroduced European bison, which had previously been hunted to extinction in the wild.

the carpathian mountains

Summer scenery of mountain lake Lacul Rosu (Red Lake or Killer Lake). Popular travel destination and place for active rest and adventures in Eastern Carpathians. Harghita County, Romania

The Carpathian Mountains in Romania are a treasure trove of unique wildlife, hosting a rich array of species that make this region an ecological wonder.

Home to one of the largest undisturbed forests in Europe, the Carpathians provide habitat for iconic animals like the brown bear, the wolf, and the elusive lynx.

These mountains are also a sanctuary for the European bison, successfully reintroduced after facing extinction.

the dalmatian pelican and danube delta horses


Embark on a mesmerizing journey to Romania's Danube Delta, a paradise for nature enthusiasts and a sanctuary for unique wildlife.

Marvel at the majestic Dalmatian pelican, one of the world's largest freshwater birds, soaring gracefully in the sky with its impressive wingspan.

Embark on a captivating journey to Romania's Carpathian Mountains and discover the Edelweiss, a symbol of purity, love, and the untamed spirit of high altitudes. Known as "Floarea reginei" or "The Queen's Flower," this rare and protected alpine jewel captivates with its noble white petals and mystical allure.

Close up detail view of Edelweiss Flower - Leontopodium alpinum in the Romanian Mountains

Revered in folklore and cherished for its unique beauty, the Edelweiss is not only a treasure of Romania's flora but also a protected species, symbolizing the commitment to preserving the natural splendor of the Carpathians.

Witness this enchanting flower in its natural, rocky limestone habitat, and let the spirit of Romania's wild and beautiful landscapes inspire you.

Close-up of a young male nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes). Photo taken in 31st of May 2021, in the National Park Domogled-Cernei Valley, Romania.

The horned viper

Romania's reptile species include the horned viper, known for being one of the most venomous snakes in Europe, and the javeline sand boa, the rarest snake species on the continent which was rediscovered in the country after being thought extinct.

Romania's birdlife

Romania's birdlife is a vibrant and diverse tapestry, featuring species like the saker falcon and the great white pelican, each with its unique conservation challenges. The saker falcon, known for its speed and agility, faces threats from habitat loss and hunting, while the great white pelican, one of the largest flying birds, struggles with declining numbers due to changes in their wetland habitats.


The golden eagle, a majestic and powerful bird of prey, stands as a proud symbol of Romania. Its symbolism is deeply rooted in the country's culture and history, often associated with strength, freedom, and the soaring spirit of the Romanian landscape. This emblematic bird, seen as a guardian of the nation's skies, highlights Romania's rich natural heritage and the importance of wildlife conservation.

Danube delta

Danube Delta Horse, a free-roaming wild horse

Witness the rare sight of the Danube Delta Horse, a free-roaming wild horse, in one of Europe's last great wildernesses.

This UNESCO World Heritage site is not just a haven for these extraordinary creatures, but a living mosaic of lush wetlands and meandering waterways, waiting to enchant and inspire you.

Discover the untouched beauty of the Danube Delta, where nature's wonders unfold in their purest form.

the chamois

The Chamois thrives in the Carpathian Mountains

The chamois is a distinctive goat-antelope species native to the Carpathian Mountains in Romania, known for its agility and adaptability to rugged terrain.

These animals have a brown coat with a white face and black stripes below their eyes, and their fur changes color seasonally for camouflage and insulation.

Chamois typically inhabit high-altitude areas, above the tree line, and are excellent climbers, which aids in predator avoidance. They are generally found in small herds, though the males are often more solitary.

Their presence in the Carpathian Mountains, including ranges like Făgăraș, Bucegi, and Piatra Craiului, adds to the region's rich biodiversity and ecological significance.

European bison

The triumphant return of the European bison to Romania's wild landscapes

Witness the triumphant return of the European bison to Romania's wild landscapes, a conservation success story that rekindles the spirit of the wilderness in the Carpathian Mountains.

Once roaming these lands freely but driven to the brink of extinction, the European bison's reintroduction is a monumental achievement.

Through dedicated conservation efforts and collaboration, this majestic animal has been brought back from captivity into Romania's rich forests. Roaming the verdant expanses of the Carpathians, the bison symbolizes resilience and the rebirth of Romania's natural heritage.

This project not only enhances biodiversity but also inspires a deeper connection with the natural world, offering an unparalleled opportunity to experience these gentle giants in their natural habitat.

The European bison's return is a beacon of hope, showcasing the power of conservation and the enduring beauty of Romania's wilderness.

Eurasian Lynx

the lynx

Dive into the heart of Romania's wilderness, where the elusive and magnificent lynx roams, protected by groundbreaking conservation laws.

These majestic felines, once threatened by habitat loss and hunting, now find sanctuary in the dense forests of the Carpathians, thanks to rigorous protection efforts.

Romania's commitment to the lynx's preservation is a testament to the nation's dedication to biodiversity and ecological balance. These laws not only safeguard the lynx but also maintain the natural harmony of their habitat, ensuring the survival of a species integral to the Carpathian ecosystem.

Experience the thrill of knowing that, in Romania's wild heart, the lynx thrives under the vigilant shield of conservation, a symbol of nature's resilience and beauty. This initiative not only secures a future for the lynx but also invites us to cherish and protect our precious wildlife heritage.

Conservation projects in Romania are varied and vital for the protection of these species.